Rhyming Words

(R2G Quizzes 271 - 272)

In English, we say that two words rhyme if the last syllable has the same sound:


            Bell rhymes with Smell
            Nation rhymes with frustration

Because the spelling in English varies so much, two words may have similar spellings, but the don’t rhyme:

            Through doesn’t rhyme with though
            Through rhymes with blue

There is an extra exercise on Rhyming Words here.




(R2G Quiz 273)

Here are some words and phrases that we use to describe routines:

Every day                                            (two words)
Annual                                                 (every year)
Once a day/week/month/year
Twice a day/week/month/year
Three times a day/week/month/year
On a daily/weekly/monthly basis
All the time
24/7                                                      (all the time)
A week from today                             (exactly one week in the future)
Every other day/week/month              (one day on, one day off, one day on…)

In British English, a fortnight is two weeks.
A hectic schedule is a very busy schedule.
If things get too hectic, employees take leave, they take a day off work.




-S Endings

(R2G Quiz 274)


Most English plurals take either an –S or –ES ending:

            one cat             two cats
            one fox            two foxes


A plural word usually ends in –es when the root word ends in…

            CH:                 peach               =>                    peaches
                                   beach               =>                    beaches

            SH:                  bush                 =>                    bushes
                                    eyelash            =>                    eyelashes

            X:                    box                  =>                    boxes
                                    fox                   =>                    foxes

            S/SS:               bus                   =>                    buses
                                    princess           =>                    princesses




Science Words

(R2G Quiz 275) 


Here are some words and phrases connected to science:

A person who works in the field of science is a scientist.
The adjective of science is scientific.
Biology is the study of animals and plants. (bio- means life)
Physics is the study of the laws of nature
Chemistry is the study of materials and how they react with each other
When we test a scientific idea, we do it in the laboratory.
The short form for laboratory is lab.
Testing a scientific idea is called an experiment.
A common school experiment is dissecting (cutting open) a frog.
Scientists need to have logical thinking – everything can be proven.
Thomas Edison invented the light bulb – he first thought up the idea.
This means that Edison was a famous inventor.
Newton discovered gravity (the force that attracts any two things together)
The code in our bodies that defines our identity is called DNA.
Some scientists spend their time looking for solutions to problems or trying to gain new knowledge. This is called research and they are called researchers.
Some researchers want to find a cure (a solution) for AIDS.
An astronaut is a person who travels into space.




School Words

(R2G Quiz 276)

Students at school are sometimes called pupils.
Students study different subjects (history, geography, mathematics)
Activities done after school hours are extra-curricular activities.
A teacher is sometime called an instructor.
A teacher at a university is a lecturer.
The head of the teachers at a school is called the Principal.
In British English, the Principal is the Headmaster.
The school year is divided into semesters.
A sports lesson is called a PE lesson. PE stands for Physical Exercise.
Bad students are put into detention. They have to stay late after school.
Grades are the scores students get in their tests. Good students get good grades.
An important test is called an examination.
Stationery is a student’s toolkit (pencil, eraser ruler)
A ruler is a stick used to draw a straight line.



Second Conditional

(R2G Quizzes 277, 278)

1 A second conditional sentence is a sentence that contains an IF … WOULD clause:

            If I had more money, I would buy a Porsche.

2 We use the second conditional to describe an imaginary situation:

            If I was a superhero, I would call myself Wonderman.

3 Sometimes we use it to describe a possible, but highly unlikely situation:

            I would be so sad if my wife left me.             (seen as an unlikely or imaginary situation)

4 Occasionally, we use it as a polite form:

            I would be so happy if you could attend my party.

5 The structure of the second conditional:


            IF        +         Past tense clause      +       COMMA     +       WOULD clause         

            If your father was here, he would be angry
            If Tom became President, we would all be in trouble

The order can be reversed (note there is no comma):

            Your father would be angry if he was here,.
            We would all be in trouble if Tom became President.

6 The spoken form is usually reduced:

Written:           We would all be in trouble if Tom became President.
Spoken:           We’d all be in trouble if Tom became President.

7 In the second conditional, you can use ‘were’ in place of ‘was’:

Correct:           If I was a doctor, I would be getting a better salary.
Correct:           If I were a doctor, I would be getting a better salary.

*This is slightly old-fashioned



Sections of the Newspaper

(R2G Quiz 279)


Here are some phrases connected to the newspaper:

The business section contains the guide to the stock market.
The entertainment section carries stories about movies and books
The lifestyle section may have information on fashion and places to go
The title on the first page is called the headline
You can check your horoscope to find out about your future. There are twelve star signs.
You can do the crossword puzzle.
You can read the weather forecast.
You can buy secondhand items in the classified section.
The editorial is an opinion given by the newspaper editor.
A tabloid is a small foldable newspaper.